A Man in Christ (James S. Stewart)

By James S. Stewart 1935

CHAPTER I Paul or Paulinism ? 

Paul and Paulinism : a distinction 

I. Paul's religion not to be systematized
The subject-matter of his teaching
The nature of the situation addressed
Paul's view of his vocation 

Paul's Gospel and so-called "plans of salvation"
Mistaken efforts to isolate the elements of Christian experience ..... 

Paul seen through the eyes of later generations
Two notes of warning ....
Necessity of spiritual kinship with the apostle 

II. Two reactions from scholastic interpretations 

Proposal to eliminate everything Pauline from the Gospel ......
Was Paul a theologian?
The reflective element in his nature.
Experience primary, reflection secondary
Romans not a "compendium of doctrine"
Absence of precise definition in Paul's terminology
No "systems" of eschatology or ethics
Paul's inner consistency .... "This one thing I do" 

CHAPTER II Heritage and Environment 

The double strain in Christianity, and in Paul. 

I. Paul's pride in his Jewish birth
The New Testament picture of Pharisaism
The pupil of Gamaliel ....
The Old Testament in Paul's curriculum 

 I Monotheism and righteousness.
The allegorical interpretation of Scripture
Paul's Old Testament quotations
Root-conceptions of apocalyptic literature
Paul bound to no apocalyptic scheme. 

II. The dispersion of the Jews
How Diaspora Judaism maintained its identity
The missionary spirit of the Jew abroad
Hellenistic reactions on Judaism 

III. Itinerant Stoic preachers
Resemblances of style, language, and idea between Paul and the Stoics
No doctrine of grace in Stoicism
Further differences
Stoicism a religion of despair 

IV. The "religious-historical school" and the mystery religions .......
Refusal of the early Church to compromise with paganism ....
Relation of this refusal to the great persecution
The originality of Christianity.
General aim of the mysteries
The cults of Cybele and I sis
Paul's contacts with the cults.
Was Paul versed in Hellenistic literature ?
The Old Testament, not the mysteries, Paul's source .....
Paul a creative spirit
Paul's Gospel distinguished from Hellenism by its ethical insistence And by its emphasis on faith. 

CHAPTER III Disillusionment and Discovery 

The glory of the conversion experience
The background of frustration and defeat 

I. Disappointment and unhappiness
The legalist spirit in modern religion. 


A religion of redemption by human effort . -85
The mercenary spirit in religion . . .86
A religion of negatives . . . . .87
Is Paul's picture of Jewish legalism correct ? . 88
The soul-destroying burden of tradition . . 90
Four attitudes to the law . . . .92
The bitterness of Paul's personal problem . 96
The power of the flesh . . . . .98
\JX\ Does Romans 7 refer to the pre-conversion period ? 99
Is it autobiographical ? . . . . .101
Paul's sharing of his inmost experience . .102
The meaning of " flesh " . .... 103
Paul's view of sin as personal . . . .104
The origin of sin . . . . . .106
The seriousness of sin . . . . .106
The misery of the divided self . . . .107 

III. The element of nobility in the law . . . 108
The law powerless to save . . . . no
The law revealing sin . . . . .112
The law instigating to sin . . . .112
The law a temporary expedient . . .113
The law a schoolmaster to lead to Christ . .115
The law destined to pass away . . . .116 

IV. Paul's " goads." Recognition of the failure of Judaism . . . . . .119
The fact of the historic Jesus . . . .120
The lives of the Christians . . . .121
The death of Stephen . . . . .121
The conversion an act of supernatural grace. . 122
The Vision and the Voice . . . .124
Is Paul's experience normative for other Christians ? 127 

V. Decisive results of the Damascus experience . . 132
Discovery of Jesus as alive . . . 133
The resurrection God's vindication of His Son . 134
Death and resurrection not to be isolated . 135
Paul's attitude to the cross revolutionized . .138
The man's self -surrender to the love of God . .140
The vision of a waiting world . . . .141
Paul and Isaiah . . . . . .142
The spiritual basis of the doctrine of election . 143
The endless amazement of redemption . .145 


CHAPTER IV Mysticism and Morality 

Union with Christ the heart of Paul's religion 

I. The importance of this conception too long ignored
Growing recognition to-day of its centrality
Safeguarding the doctrine of atonement
Examination of Paul's watchword "in Christ"
The cognate phrase "in the Spirit".
The mystical idea not to be thinned down 

II. Widespread dislike of mysticism
Varieties of mystical experience
Every true Christian in some degree a mystic
"Acting" and "reacting" mysticism
"Mystical" and "moral" union
The analogy of human love
Union with Christ not pantheistic absorption
Christianity more than the example of Jesus
Union with Christ and union with God 

III. "Grace" and "Faith".
The Old Testament doctrine of faith
The teaching of Jesus on faith.
Varieties of Pauline usage
Conviction of the unseen
Confidence in the promises of God
Conviction of the facts of the Gospel
Faith as synonymous with Christianity
Faith as self-abandonment to God in Christ
The germ of this in the Synoptic Gospels
"Believing in Christ" and "loving Christ" 

IV. Union with Christ in His death
The trumpet-note of Romans 6
Union with Christ in His burial
Union with Christ in His resurrection
The life of Christ in the believer
Union with Christ the sheet-anchor of Paul's ethics
The charge of antinomianism.
Identification with Christ's attitude to sin
A moral motive and a moral dynamic
The good fight of faith.
The eschatological aspect of Paul's Christ-mysticism
Paul and John on "eternal life"... 


CHAPTER V Reconciliation and Justification 

Peace with God the supreme good 

I. Man made for fellowship with God
This fellowship disturbed by sin
The experience of alienation
Who has to be reconciled — man or God?
Christianity here different from other religions
Paul's use of the term "enemies"
His doctrine of "propitiation"
His teaching on the "wrath of God".
God the Reconciler, man the reconciled
The divine initiative ....
Reconciliation to life ....
Reconciliation to the brethren. 

II. Reconciliation and the cross
The death not to be isolated from the resurrection
The meaning of the cross not to be reduced to any formula ....
Primitive Christian teaching on the death of Christ
Man's most flagrant crime
The divine purpose at Calvary.
The cross and the forgiveness of sins.
Paul's advance beyond the primitive position
The cross as the supreme condemnation of sin
The judgment of God ....
The cross as the supreme revelation of love.
The death of Christ as a "sacrifice".
The cost to God of man's forgiveness.
The cross as the gift of salvation
Christ our Substitute and our Representative 

III. Paul's greatest paradox ....
Permanent validity of the idea of justification
The Old Testament conception of righteousness
Righteousness in Paul's epistles
The verdict of "Not guilty".
Ideas of merit excluded.
The teaching of Jesus on justification
Adoption and sonship of God.
Justification not a "legal fiction" 


Organic connection between justification and sanctification ...... 

IV. The eschatological element in Paul not to be exaggerated .....
But "hope" prominent throughout his writings
Relation to Synoptic eschatology
Paul's spiritual growth and its significance
The problem of the body
The fact of death .....
Present struggle and future victory
The resurrection of believers
The day of judgment ....
The return of the Lord .... 

CHAPTER VI Historic Jesus and Exalted Christ 

Paul immeasurably Christ's debtor 

I. Paul's alleged transformation of the original Gospel
His claim to independence
Had Paul seen Jesus in the flesh?
Paul acquainted with the historic facts
The subject-matter of the apostolic preaching
Christ as a present reality
Christ as a historic Person 

II. Paul's knowledge of the Jesus of history
References in the epistles to the life of Jesus
References to the character of Jesus .
References to the teaching of Jesus
Direct citations and indirect reminiscences .
Paul's fundamental positions a legacy from Jesus
Jesus' attitude to the law
Jesus' message of the Kingdom of God
Christology in the Gospels, in Acts, and in the epistles ...... 

III. A redeemed man's final estimate of his Redeemer
Jesus as Messiah.
Jesus as Lord . .
Jesus as Son of God
The Son subordinate to the Father
Jesus on the divine side of reality 


Relation of Christ and the Spirit . . 307
History of the doctrine of the Spirit . . . 308
Christ and the Spirit inseparable, but not identical. 309
Christ as the origin and goal of creation. 311
Relevance of this to modern problems. 313
The religious value of the idea of pre-existence. 315
Alpha and Omega . . . . 317
The deathless optimism of the Christian faith. 319 

I. Index of Subjects ..... 321
II. Index of Authors ..... 325
III. Scripture Passages ..... 329 

EGT = Expositor's Greek Testament.
HBNT = Handbuch zum Neuen Testament.
HDAC = Hastings' Dictionary of the Apostolic Church.
HDCG = Hastings' Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels.
ICC = International Critical Commentary.
AfATC = The Moffatt New Testament Commentary.
RGG — Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. 


Source: http://archive.org/stream/maninchristvital00stew/maninchristvital00stew_djvu.txt

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